Emotional Health Healthy Living Heart Health Immunity Defense Weight Management

No Need To Suffer In Silence With The Silent Killer

High blood pressure (HBP) or hypertension, is known as “the silent killer” because it generally has no symptoms until it has done damage to key organs in your body.

However, there’s no need to despair, HBP can be managed in a similar way that diabetes can be managed.

Getting By With Pain

It’s been said that people will live with pain and discomfort until fear of what may happen in the future, motivates them to make a CHANGE.

So let’s get some fear going for those who suffer in silence with “the silent killer” – High Blood Pressure (HBP).

The future for you could be damaged arteries, damaged heart and / or last but not least, a damaged brain!

The 2017 Guidelines

The guidelines for treatment of high blood pressure (HBP) / hypertension published by the American College of Cardiology (ACC) and the American Heart Association (AHA) in November 2017, remain the current standard for the detection, prevention, management and treatment of high blood pressure.

Blood pressure categories in the current guideline are:

  • Normal: Less than 120/80 mm Hg;
  • Elevated: Systolic between 120-129 and diastolic less than 80;
  • Stage 1: Systolic between 130-139 or diastolic between 80-89;
  • Stage 2: Systolic at least 140 or diastolic at least 90 mm Hg;
  • Hypertensive crisis: Systolic over 180 and/or diastolic over 120, with patients needing prompt changes in medication if there are no other indications of problems, or immediate hospitalization if there are signs of organ damage.


Your Future – A Damaged Brain?

Types Of Hypertension

There ar two types of hypertension:

1. Primary – This kind of hypertension develops over time with no identifiable cause, however the following combination of factors may play a role in causing primary hypertension:

a) Heriditary: Some people are predisposed to hypertension, possibly because of genetic abnormalities inherited from their parents.

b) Physical changes: For example, there may be changes in the kidney function due to aging. This change may cause blood pressure to increase.

c) Lifestyle: Unhealthy lifestyle choices can lead to weight problems and increase the risk for hypertension.

2. Secondary – This develops as a result of underlying medical conditions and often occurs quickly. Underlying conditions may include: kidney disease, obstructive sleep apnea (when breathing stops for brief periods during sleep), congenital heart defects (heart defects present at birth), an overactive thyroid, side effects of medications, use of illegal drugs, chronic alcohol use, adrenal gland problems and certain endocrine tumors
Treatment Options

Treatment options for hypertension depends initially on the type of HBP. For example, primary hypertension may be treated with lifestyle changes and possibly medications.

Treatment for secondary hypertension normally focus on the underlying causes.

Management Approaches

The best way to avoid complications from HBP is to monitor your blood pressure regularly. You may purchase a blood pressure cuff to take your blood pressure at home.

Take your blood pressure and keep a record everyday. Take the record to your doctor appointments, to be read, so your doctor can see potential problems and take early action.

Click the image below for more on a blood pressure wrist cuff.


Lifestyle Changes

Diet changes to include plant based eating, avoiding behaviours that negatively impact on healthy living, regular exercise, adequate rest and reducing daily stress can make a huge difference in managing and / or getting rid of HBP.

For a first step in lifestyle change, I recommend the DASH diet. “DASH” means Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension.

Following the DASH diet can help reduce blood pressure by a few points in two weeks. It also contributes to avoiding a number of other lifestyle diseases.

Click the image below for a 28 day DASH diet with workouts, to lower blood pressure and improve your health.



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Presented by

Louis Blake
Updated: June 20, 2020

© Copyright by Permission of:
ACandi Marketing Enterprises,
PO Box 2071, NMC, Piarco, Trinidad, W.I.

© Copyright All Rights Reserved.


Healthy Living Immunity Defense

Prevention Because There’s No Cure !!!

There’s no cure for COVID-19 (Novel Coronovirus).
So we’ll discuss who are most at risk and how to protect yourself and your family from this global health threat.

We’ll cover the following preventative measures:

  • Washing hands.
  • Avoid touching your face.
  • Coughing and sneezing.
  • Changing social etiquette.
  • Getting tested for COVID-19.


But First – Boost Your Immune System

Persons who are at great risk of serious illness or even death due to COVID-19, are elderly persons and those with underlying health conditions which weaken the body’s immune system.

So besides elderly persons, younger people with a compromised immune system need to minimize exposure to contracting COVID-19.

Boost immunity with a healthy lifestyle

Boosting the immune system in general starts with a healthy lifestyle. That means paying attention to your diet, exercise, getting adequate rest and practicing personal hygiene (washing hands, etc as covered later). A healthy lifestyle also includes avoiding behaviour and practices that put your health at risk (smoking, excessive drinking etc).

So let’s look at some specific ways to boost your immune system, please note this has nothing to do with treating or curing COVID-19, as stated in the first sentence “There’s no cure for COVID-19 (Novel Coronovirus).” :

The purpose of our recommendations here is to boost your immune system. It is about healthy living and strengthening your body defenses against infections

For more information on Vitamin C; Functions and Uses, including Optimum Daily Intake (ODI) for general health and various health conditions, See pages 170 to 181 (FOURTH EDITION) of “The Real Vitamin & Mineral Book”, by Shari Lieberman and Nancy Bruning. Click the image below:

Persons Most At Risk

Dr Nancy Messonnier, director of the United States’ Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, said at a press briefing on March 10, 2020, that risk can be looked at in two ways. “There is risk of being exposed and getting sick from this virus and there is risk of getting very sick or dying from illness with this virus.”

The risk of being exposed and getting sick is based on being in contact with persons who are sick with COVID-19. That risk varies based on travel restrictions and protective measures we’ll discuss later.

Dr Messonnier, noted that based on data coming out of China, most people will not develop serious illness. However she said “The highest risk of serious illness and death is in people older than 80 years. People with serious underlying health conditions also are more likely to develop serious outcomes including death.

The underlying health conditions include diabetes, heart disease, or lung disease, said Dr Messonnier. In general, diseases which weaken the body’s immune system increase the risk of serious effects from COVID-19.

The elderly – at high risk

Washing Hands

As you go about your daily activities, you use your hands to open doors, push elevator buttons, greet persons (shaking hands), touch hard surfaces, pick up or handle a variety of things. All or any one of those surfaces you touch may be contaminated with germs including the COVID-19 virus. Therefore you need to thoroughly wash your hands to get rid of possible hazards to your health.

Washing Hands – Steps to take:

  1. Wet your hands with water.
  2. Apply soap.
  3. Rub the palm of your hands in a circular motion thoroughly.
  4. Rub the back of your hands thoroughly.
  5. Interlock your fingers and rub your fingers thoroughly.
  6. Hold one of your thumbs and rub thoroughly in a circular motion. Repeat with the other thumb.
  7. Place the tips of your fingers (including thumb) in the palm the other hand and rub the tips of your fingers thoroughly. Repeat with the fingers of the other hand.
  8. Rinse off completely with water.
  9. Dry hands thoroughly with a paper towel and throw away the used paper towel in a bin.

If you do not have soap and water readily available, apply a hand sanitizer that contains at least 70% alcohol for steps 2 to 7 above.

Click Here for handwashing video

Avoid Touching Your Face
Medical experts state that COVID-19 enters the human body through the mouth, nose and eyes. The virus which can be on contaminated hands can be introduced to your nose, mouth and eyes by your hands, in touching your face. Hence the advice “avoid touching your face.”

That however, is easier said than done, because touching the face have become second nature for most of us.

The challenge therefore, is to become conscious of our habit of touching our face and in that way take control, to change that habit.

Coughing And Sneezing

If you need to cough or sneeze, it’s best to use a tissue to cover the cough or sneeze and discard the tissue immediately into a covered bin.

If you do not have a tissue at hand, cover your mouth with your upper arm, cough or sneeze into the crook of your elbow.

The important point to note here is, to prevent spreading contamination from your cough or sneeze into the open air. Block your cough or sneeze to protect others.

Block coughs & sneezes

Changing Social Etiquette

In Western cultures greeting others normally means shaking hands or hugging and kissing on the cheek. All those will have to stop, so no more shaking hands, hugging or kissing.

In fact practice ‘social distancing’ or keeping six to 10 feet away from other persons (a CDC recommendation). Avoid crowds, airports,sea ports and non-essential travelling, that means postponing or cancelling vacation plans.

Yes, a drastic change in lifestyle and the way people normally interact socially. But it’s all for the greater good – stopping the community spread of COVID-19!

Getting Tested For COVID-19

COVID-19 is a flu virus (respiratory illness) like the common cold, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS).

COVID-19 symptoms include:

  • shortness of breath
  • coughing
  • fever
  • acute diarrhoea


If you or a family member experience at least three of the above symptoms; get tested for COVID-19. Please note, if those symptoms are not present and the COVID-19 test is given, it can produce a “false negative” result. That means if the virus is truly present but not showing symptoms, a negative result may be produced and only when the symptoms become obvious would a “positive” result be produced.

It is best to avoid contamination of others, by notifying health care professionals of symptoms by phone and request a test. The Trinidad and Tobago Government arranged for health care professionals to visit persons at home to conduct the tests and if necessary take the patient by ambulance to quarantine at hospital.

Got COVID-19 Symptoms? Get tested !!!

Presented by

Louis Blake
Originally published: March 20, 2020
Updated: April 1, 2020

© Copyright by Permission of:
ACandi Marketing Enterprises,
PO Box 2071, NMC, Piarco, Trinidad, W.I.

© Copyright All Rights Reserved.